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Get to know Indonesian Luwak Coffee, One of the Most Expensive Coffeein the World

Get to know Indonesian Luwak Coffee, One of the Most Expensive Coffeein the World

Luwak coffee is a drink that comes from coffee beans harvested from wild civet feces that are cleaned. This drink has a finer taste than coffee in general, allegedly this is caused by the fermentation process in the civet's stomach. Indonesian civet coffee is one of the luxury drinks that are exported at very high prices.

Civet coffee is one of the most expensive coffees in the world because it has exotic value and its availability is very rare. Indonesian civet coffee sells well and is very popular with coffee lovers because it is considered to have a smooth and friendly taste in the stomach.

Not everyone can appreciate this drink because many are disgusted with the basic ingredients derived from civet animal feces. Because of this, these drinks also get bad nicknames in various countries. The term most used by US media is ‘paint poop coffee‘.

Various slanted issues attack this typical Indonesian beverage product. Even so, the Indonesian civet coffee industry seems uninterrupted and still sells well at high prices.

What is the process of producing civet coffee? Why is it still expensive now? Check out this article to find out the most expensive ins and outs of coffee in the world.

Why is Kopi Luwak expensive?
There are three main factors that make Indonesian civet coffee more expensive than coffee in general. These three factors are a long production process, the amount of harvest that is not as large as ordinary coffee beans, and the taste of coffee that is not thick.

Initially, this drink was discovered when the Dutch colonial government applied forced coffee. People who are curious about the taste of coffee find seeds that are still intact in the feces of a ferret-like animal. They process seeds from the dirt, bake, then brew.

The enjoyment of this drink is heard by the Dutch government. They then collect and sell Indonesian civet coffee very expensive.

The process begins when coffee plants enter the harvest period. Fruit that is ready for harvest will begin to turn reddish. Luwak has the habit and ability to choose the best quality coffee fruit, so this animal will eat fruit with good seeds.

The fruit eaten will be digested by these animals, strangely the digestion of this animal can not destroy the layer of coffee, only the flesh of the fruit and epidermis. In the digestion of animals like cats, the seeds will undergo a fermentation process.

The dirt or feces from the mongoose will later be collected for cleaning. No kidding, the washing process can take up to 5-7 times. The washing process is also carried out in running water to keep it clean.

After cleaning, the next process is roasting or roasting. The roasting process is only up to the medium roast level. The reason is to maintain a unique sense of character.

The roasted seeds are then packaged in whole beans or powder for sale. Some breeding areas even open a civet coffee cafe so that visitors can enjoy the most expensive coffee immediately after baking.

The price of wild Indonesian civet coffee on the market reaches more than IDR 1,000,000.00 per kg. A cup of civet coffee in Jakarta, for example, costs around Rp. 70,000.00 per cup. Abroad, the price of a cup of this drink is around 35 USD. If the form of seeds or powder costs 100 to 600 USD per 450 grams.

Difference between Civet and Ordinary Coffee

Kopi Luwak goes through a longer process flow before reaching your cup. Because the process is different, the taste and content in the world's most expensive coffee is certainly not the same as ordinary coffee.

1. Taste
At a glance from the look, there is nothing different from this drink, the color produced is the same as the usual coffee, brownish-black. However, if you have talked about aroma and taste, of course it is not the same.

Luwak coffee taste is very smooth, there is no bitter taste, and there is a refreshing little sour fruit. The final taste or aftertaste of the most expensive coffee is very clean, does not leave bitter.

Indonesian Luwak coffee almost always has a unique fruity flavor. In fact, coffee beans in each region have different tastes of characters. This natural fermentation process in the mongoose's stomach gives rise to a strong fruity when brewed.

The aroma of this luxury drink is more fragrant and stronger. There is not the slightest trace of animal feces or other unpleasant odors.

2. Content of substances
According to the research results of Hasanuddin University, there is no difference in the types of substances contained in civet coffee with ordinary coffee. However, there are differences in the levels of substances contained in it:

The percentage of caffeine robusta coffee caffeine content is 1.77% and arabica mongoose is 1.74%, while in robusta coffee it is 1.91% and ordinary arabica is 1.85%.
The percentage of protein contained in robusta civet coffee is 16.23% and arabica mongoose is 14.84%, while in ordinary robusta coffee it is 18.34% and ordinary arabica is 16.72%.
Fat content in robusta civet coffee is 18.45% and arabica mongoose is 19.76%, while in regular robusta coffee it is 16.41% and ordinary arabica is 17.37%.
Briefly, caffeine and protein levels in civet coffee beans are slightly lower than ordinary coffee. Meanwhile, the fat content in the most expensive coffee is slightly higher compared to coffee in general. Both of these results apply to arabica and robusta seeds, where arabica seeds are lower in caffeine than robusta.

Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus), is a small mammal that is still in the weasel family (viverridae). This animal is classified as small with a length of about 50 - 90 cm from head to tail. The fur is mostly dark gray, white on the face area, and black on the tip of the tail, under the eyes, ears, and feet.

The call for 'Luwak' comes from the mention of the Javanese. More broadly this animal is better known in the world as Asian palm civet. These animals are spread in the southern regions of Asia such as India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and the Philippines.

Civet's native habitat is in the forest because they usually live on tall tree trunks. However, often they go to the lower plains and plantation areas to find food. These animals are actively looking for food at night or nocturnal.

Civet is a loner, in the wild, they will mark their area. So if there are humans or other animals coming they can immediately run or hide. That is the reason why it is very difficult to find this ferret.

Civet is an omnivorous animal. The main foods are fruits such as papaya, rambutan, mango, and banana. Other foods are small animals and insects, such as mice, chicks and beetles.

These small mammals play an important role in the most expensive coffee production process in the world. Unfortunately, it is difficult to find and arrange wild animals to eat coffee, because for this ferret coffee is only a snack. Many producers finally decided to make captivity to facilitate the production process.

Differences in Flavor of Wild Civet Coffee vs. Breeding
Wild mongoose coffee beans are light yellowish brown in color, while the pale breeders are pale brown. Visually, the difference will not appear if the seeds have been baked because the color has turned brownish. But when it's still green bean, you can see the difference in the color of the seeds.

In terms of taste, wild civet coffee feels smoother but has a body that is thicker than the results of captivity. Even some people feel that Luwak coffee from captivity makes it nauseous.

The difference between the two is caused by different eating patterns. In the wild, this ferret eats its coffee fruit as a snack, not as a main food. While in captivity, coffee fruit is a food that is always given to these animals.

The next factor is the difference in the quality of the fruit eaten by these animals. This nocturnal animal has the ability and habit to only eat ripe coffee and good quality directly from the tree. In captivity, their food is prepared by humans.

Indonesian Civet Coffee Producing Area
Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines are the most expensive coffee producing countries in the world. But in the civet coffee industry, Indonesia is the largest country, both production and export.

The Indonesian Luwak coffee industry is growing in Sumatra, Bali, Java, and Sulawesi. Usually, captive breeding is in the coffee-producing plantation area, so it's easier to provide coffee cherries.

Indonesian civet coffee producing areas are:
Gayo, Aceh
Sidikalang, North Sumatra
Pagar Alam, South Sumatra
Lampung
Garut, West Java
Toraja, South Sulawesi
Kintamani, Bali
No longer as a seed-producing industry, there are now many civet coffee breeds that are open to tourists. The location is located in an area that is often a destination for local and foreign tourists. Some of the well-known ones are located in Bali and Bandung.

Luwak Coffee and the Issue of Animal Abuse
Unfortunately, the rapid development of the Indonesian civet coffee industry must face rejection from environmental activists. Breeding for mammals is considered a form of animal abuse or animal abuse.

In Indonesia, the most expensive breeding and coffee industry is regulated in Permentan 37 of 2015. Livestock and captivity are actually very supported because, in the wild and plantations, not coffee, weasel family animals are considered pests.

The refusal of animal lovers to breeding animals is not without cause. The various campaigns carried out by animal lovers have several reasons, including:

1. Bad Cage Conditions
Many breeding places mongoose in a small cage without a place to climb. In fact, these animals have instincts and high tree climbing habits. Being in a small environment like that can stress him out.

Some manufacturers don't even bother to maintain the cleanliness of this animal cage. Dirty cages make this ferret more susceptible to disease. Especially if the cage model is close together, the disease can be quickly transmitted.

2. Without Food Variations
To meet nutritional needs, Civet needs protein and vitamins obtained from meat, insects, and other fruits. A good manufacturer provides a varied menu of food from morning to night. These animals are only given coffee fruit once a day and the amount is also small.

But to pursue profits, bad producers will provide coffee fruit without giving other animals a variety of food. Bad producers of mongoose will only eat good fruit at first. When good fruit is gone and they feel hungry, they have no choice but to eat bad fruit.

Nutritional needs that are not well cared for can make these mammals suffer from malnutrition.

3. High-Stress Levels
Civet living in poor captivity will usually feel stressed. They will bite their cages, scream, paced in the cage, and even hurt themselves. If it is continually ignored in the end this animal will get sick and die.

The indication of this animal when sick can be seen from the stool. If the stool is light brown and dark then that means there is no problem. If there are red spots or even mixed blood, this is a sign that the animal is sick.

Bad breeding will not bother to treat and treat sick animals. They prefer to take it off or let it die, then look for a replacement because it's easier and cheaper.

Is Halal Civet Coffee?
Debates about halal or haram are those that often appear among coffee connoisseurs who are Muslim. The main factor that has been debated is the origin of the material. This drink is processed from animal feces, stool has an unclean or dirty element.

The Indonesian Ulema Council, with fatwa number 7 of 2010, agreed that drinks from the digestion of these animals are halal. Determination of this fatwa is carried out after consideration from several sources including Al Quran, Hadith, fikh science, and scientific research.

The first reason, because after getting out of the digestive civet, the seeds are still wrapped in horn skin and can grow back if planted. Digestion of these animals is very short, so that fruit seeds cannot be destroyed in the stomach.

The second reason, civet coffee belongs to the category of muttanajjis (items exposed to unclean) and not unclean. So that, after being purified and free from dirt, the object returns to its essence, namely halal.

Still Interested in Trying the Most Expensive Coffee in the World?
Indonesian civet coffee is the most expensive coffee on the market. Many agree that drinks from animal feces are better than ordinary coffee. Plus it feels smoother and more friendly in the stomach because of lower caffeine.

Because of these advantages, there's nothing wrong if you try this drink. But the most expensive predicate does not necessarily make it the most delicious coffee. There are many delicious coffee products and not inferior to the digestive coffee of this ferret-like animal.

Some people prefer and like the taste of ordinary coffee because it is considered stronger and thicker. They feel Indonesian civet coffee is not worth up to twice that of ordinary coffee.

So how? Are you still interested in trying this one luxury drink?

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4 komentar

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